The pyramids of Egypt, the only of the Seven Wonders of the World which are still there, continue to fascinate travelers and inspire the tourists, mathematicians, and archaeologists who visit and describe them.
They are located in Egypt, the land of miracles, whose civilization comes from five thousand years ago. The Pyramids of Giza and Sphinx remain the most visited sites in Egypt and when you see these imposing stone structures up close, it is not difficult to see why it is so.
The most famous Egyptian pyramids: the Pyramid of Menkaure, the Pyramid of Khafre and the Great Pyramid of Khufu, located at Giza, near Cairo.
The Pyramid of Khufu (also known as the “Great Pyramid” and the “Pyramid of Cheops) is the largest Egyptian pyramid, and was built around 2560 BC by Snefru’s son, Khufu, also known as Cheops, the ruler of the fourth dynasty .
The pyramid’s base covers over 13 acres and today it is 450 feet high, because its top had collapsed (it originally stood over 481 feet high). According to historical data, the construction of the pyramids lasted more than twenty years, and it was built by more than 100,000 people. The works could be carried out only three months per year, during the flooding of the Nile, because the workers were not able to cultivate the land. The Great Pyramid was cosists of about 2.5 million blocks composed of limestone, basalt and granite, which weighed 2-4 tons.
The interior of the pyramid is fascinating. Plenty of passages, galleries and halls that lead toeither the main chamber of the royal tombs or utility rooms. The royal tomb is located at the center of the pyramid. The sarcophagus is made of red granite, as well as the walls of the tomb.
Things to do in Egypt
Egypt isn’t only history, monuments and culture, Egypt is the Red Sea, exclusive hotels and restaurants, diving, romantic cruise down the Nile and much more … When you get tired of visiting the pyramids, if you want a bit of adrenaline, you can try a quad bike adventure across the hauntingly beautiful Sinai Desert, or enjoy a leisurely boat cruise to Ras Mohamed National Park to swim and snorkel in the crystal clear blue waters of the Red Sea.
The best time to visit
The best time to visit Egypt is from October through April, especially if you wish to see Egypt’s ancient sights, because winters are generally mild (although temperatures at night can get down to the 40 degrees (10 C)). Daily temperatures during the “winter” are around 70 Fahrenheit (20 C). If you go to Egypt during the summer, take into consideration that many of Egypt’s top attractions are located in southern Egypt, and that the temperatures, which are accompanied by intense humidity to make things even more uncomfortable, reach an average of 95 Fahrenheit (35 C).